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Memorial Complex Brest Hero Fortress

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地址: Geroyev Oborony Brestskoi Kreposti St., 60, Brest 224018, Belarus
电话号码:
+375 162 20-03-65
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今日
9:00 - 17:00
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经营时间:
周一 - 周日 9:00 - 17:00
建议游览时间: 2-3小时
描述:

The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses...

The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses built in 1830-40s to strengthen the western borders of the Russian Empire. It was commissioned on April 26, 1842 and was considered as one of the strongest European fortresses of that period. However it wasn't tested in real battles for a long time. During the World War I the garrison was evacuated according to the order of the High Command and the Fortress was used as a Headquarters of Kaiser's Germany Eastern Front. After October Socialist Revolution Russia became Soviet. On the territory of the Brest Fortress the Soviet government signed the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with Germany and its allies (March 3, 1918), declaring the end of the WWI between them. After the Soviet-Polish war the Fortress ceded to Poland and was used as a military cantonment of the Polish Army. When the World War II erupted the Polish garrison was defending the Fortress from German aggressors for 3 days, but had to leave it. In September 1939 the Brest Fortress became Soviet. Two military divisions of the Red Army were stationed here. The Western Bug river flowing through the Fortress became a new borderline between Germany and the Soviet Union. On June 22, 1941 Germany invaded the USSR all along its borders. Units of Wehrmacht attacked the Fortress at 4.15 in the morning and surrounded it by 9 a.m. About 4.000 Soviet soldiers and commanders had to engage in battle with the enemy, having no opportunity to leave the besieged Fortress. The Fortress' Defence was the defence of its separate centres without Headquarters. Only in Citadel (the Central island) the defenders managed to create the united command on June 24, 1941. By the end of June most of the Fortress' territory was controlled by the Wehrmacht, though some defence sectors fought on till July, 12 (the Eastern Redoubt). The last known defender of the Brest Fortress Major P.Gavrilov was taken prisoner of war on July 23, 1941 - on the 32nd day of the war. But there were also other defenders. One of them used his bayonet to the rifle to write his last words on the brick wall of the barracks: "I'm dying, but I'm not surrendering. Farewell to the Motherland. 20/07/41".The Brest Fortress abundantly poured with the blood of its defenders became a sacred place for the people of the USSR. It became a symbol of courage, fortitude and military valor of a Soviet soldier. For the mass heroism shown during the defence, it was awarded the title of the Hero-Fortress (May 8, 1965). To commemorate the perished defenders it was decided to build a Memorial Complex. It was designed and constructed by the group of Soviet architects and sculptors with A.Kibalnikov at the head. The opening ceremony was held on September 25, 1971. The Memorial Complex "Brest Hero-Fortress" is a national shrine of the Republic of Belarus. More than 21 mln people from 120 countries around the world have already visited it. So driving through Brest be sure to see it!

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5 分,共 5 分2017-1-17的点评
854katyam
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白俄罗斯明斯克
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753条来自 TripAdvisor 社区的点评

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白俄罗斯明斯克
91条点评
5 分,共 5 分 2017-1-17的点评
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Brest fortress is one of the most significant places in Belarus. The total area of the fortress is about 4 square kilometers. On June 22, 1941 the garrison of the fortress took the first blow of the German invaders and for more than a month kept the defense. After WWII the fortress was not fully restored. Brest fortress is one... 更多 

6条点评
5 分,共 5 分 2017-1-12的点评
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monumental athmosphere, time is here different from other countries around. must to see and feel it.

英国圣海伦斯
53条点评
3 分,共 5 分 2016-11-22的点评 通过移动设备发表
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I didn't know what to expect but it reflected the history of the time. The mail viewing was the eternal flame and the names of Belarus's dead, who lost their lives in the war. The church which was left completely destroyed and rebuilt in the late 90's with it's bare walls and hung icons. Two statues are worth a visit... 更多 

12条点评
2 分,共 5 分 2016-11-12的点评 通过移动设备发表
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Don't be fooled by the title, there is no fortress in conventional meaning of this word. You will find gigantic concrete monsters built by commies and tons of propaganda. No single note how commies sieged the place from Poland TOGETHER with nazis a couple of years earlier

波兰Pila
5条点评
4 分,共 5 分 2016-11-7的点评
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It's large memorial complex mainly dedicated WWII. Many people visited this area from Bielarus and Russia. In the main area there is really big soviet style monument. The place is quite and it's visible that people take care of this area. Nice to visit in the sunny summer season.

南太平洋
48条点评
3 分,共 5 分 2016-9-13的点评
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Large fortress. More interesting for those who are interested in history. Museums was closed on the Monday I visited. Nice for a walk around in the afternoon.

英国切斯特
50条点评
4 分,共 5 分 2016-8-30的点评
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A very interesting place that brims with cultural pride. Brutal architecture contrasts well with historical buildings. Well worth a visit.

俄罗斯莫斯科
287条点评
4 分,共 5 分 2016-8-9的点评
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A historical and tragic place for each Russian, the fortress, that was attacked the first by Nazi on 22 July 1941. The Germans planned to size the fortress in several hours, but it took them more, than a month, and thousands of dead to capture. Parking is free, entrance is also free, except for the museum. Very nice place to... 更多 

白俄罗斯明斯克
28条点评
5 分,共 5 分 2016-7-23的点评
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It is a landmark place to visit in Belarus, specifically in Brest, specifically for an hour or so. The memorial unveiled in 1971 is a great story about the exploit of Soviet soldiers and officers who were fighting in the outdated fortification almost as long as France did.

907条点评
4 分,共 5 分 2016-7-8的点评 通过移动设备发表
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The Brest Fortress is the main attraction of the city. Only a tiny bit of the fortress is left and it is more of a memorial. The memorial is a Soviet one for its conflict again”st Germany in 1941. It's set in a nice green area where two rivers of Brest meet. Even without posts explanation, it's pretty hard not... 更多 

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